CentOS7.5 install Oracle12.1 and update
< 返回列表时间: 2019-03-26来源:OSCHINA
CentOS7.5 install Oracle12.1 and update
1.1 、 install centos7.5
1.2 、 vi etc/sysctl.conf
add row:
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
vm.swappiness = 0
vm.vfs_cache_pressure = 62
# net.core.default_qdisc = fq
# net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = bbr
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1800
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
#### net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 5000
1.3 、 vi etc/security/limits.conf
add row:
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft stack 10240oracle hard stack 32768
1.4 、 vi etc/pam.d/login
add row:
session required /lib64/security/pam_limits.so
session required pam_limits.so
1.5 、 vi etc/profile
add row:
if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi
1.6 、 vi etc/hosts
add row:127.0.0.1 oracle12c oracle12c.localdomain
sysctl -p
1.7 、 for group in oinstall dba backupdba oper dgdba kmdba; do
groupadd $group
; done
1.8 、 useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba -d
/home/oracle -m
oracle
1.9 、 passwd oracle
1.10 、 vi home/oracle/.bash_profile
add row:
export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/oracle #oracle 数据库安装目录
export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/12c #oracle 数据库
路径
export ORACLE_SID=oracle12c #oracle 启动数据库实例名
export ORACLE_TERM=xtermexport ORACLE_HOSTNAME=oracle12c.localdomain
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib
if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
umask 022
fi
export LANG=C # 防止安装过程出现乱码
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK # 设
置 Oracle 客户端字符集,必须与 Oracle# 安装时设置的字符集保持
一致,如: ZHS16GBK ,否则出现数据导入导出中文乱码问题
1.11 、 mount -B /run/media/birdofprey/CentOS\ 7\ x86_64/ /mnt
1.12 、 cp -r /etc/yum.repos.d/ /etc/yum.repos.d.backup
1.13 、 vi etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
contents:
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=file:///mnt
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
enabled=1
1.14 、 yum -y install binutils compat-libstdc++ compat-libstdc++-
33 elfutils-libelf-devel gcc gcc-c++ glibc-devel glibc-headers ksh
libaio-devel libstdc++-devel make sysstat unixODBC-devel
binutils-* compat-libstdc++* elfutils-libelf* glibc* gcc-* libaio*
libgcc* libstdc++* make* sysstat* unixODBC* wget unzip
compat-libcap1.i686 compat-libcap1.x86_64
1.15 、 upload oracle12cinstall.zip
1.16 、 ./runInstaller2、update 12.1
2.1、download zip
p28259833_121020_Linux-x86-64.zip #### Database Patch Set Update 12.1.0.2.181016
p28440711_121020_Linux-x86-64.zip #### OJVM PATCH SET UPDATE 12.1.0.2.181016
p6880880_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip #### OPatch Version: 12.2.0.1.16
2.2、以 oracle 登陆用户,vi .bash_profile :
add row:
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
2.3、mv $ORACLE_HOME/Opatch $ORACLE_HOME/Opatch.backup
2.4、unzip p6880880_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip
2.5、mv Opatch/ $ORACLE_HOME/
2.6、sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL>SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE;
2.7、lsnrctl stop
2.8、cd <PATCH_TOP_DIR>/28440711
2.9、opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -ph ./ && opatch apply
2.10、cd cd <PATCH_TOP_DIR>28259833 && opatch apply
2.11、sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL>startup;
SQL>alter pluggable database {databasename} open;
SQL>show pdbs;
2.12、cd $ORACLE_HOME/Opatch
2.13、./datapatch -verbose
2.14、shutdown
2.15、startup
2.16、alter pluggable database all open;
2.17、sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> select comments from dba_registry_history;
COMMENTS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
RAN jvmpsu.sql
RDBMS_12.1.0.2.0DBPSU_LINUX.X64_161210
SQL>select * from product_component_version
3、update linux kernel and configure autostart oracle12c
3.1、[oracle @localhost ~]$ vi /lib/systemd/system/oracle-rdbms.service
row:
# /etc/systemd/system/oracle-rdbms.service
# Invoking Oracle scripts to start/shutdown Instances defined in /etc/oratab
# and starts Listener
[Unit]
Description=Oracle Database(s) and Listener
Requires=network.target
[Service]
Type=forking
Restart=no
ExecStart=/opt/oracle/12c/bin/dbstart /opt/oracle/12c ### 按照用户自己的 ORACLE_HOME 编写ExecStop=/opt/oracle/12c/bin/dbshut /opt/oracle/12c ### 按照用户自己的 ORACLE_HOME 编写
User=oracle
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
# kongxx
# CSDN
# https://blog.csdn.net/kongxx/article/details/82155876
3.2、[oracle @localhost ~]$ systemctl daemon-reload
[oracle @localhost ~]$ systemctl enable oracle-rdbms.service
3.3、[oracle @localhost ~]$ vi /etc/oratab
rewrit:
oracle12c:/opt/oracle/12c:Y
3.4、download linux-kernel package:
kernel-ml-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
kernel-ml-devel-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
kernel-ml-doc-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.noarch.rpm,
kernel-ml-headers-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
kernel-ml-tools-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
kernel-ml-tools-libs-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
perf-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm,
python-perf-4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh *.rpm --force –nodeps
cat /boot/grub2/grub.cfg | grep menuentry
menuentry 'CentOS Linux (4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64) 7 (Core)'
grub2-set-default "CentOS Linux (4.18.3-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64) 7 (Core)"
grub2-editenv list
4、update oracle12c is archivelog mode and rman dbbackup full database
4.1、sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL>shutdown immediate;
SQL>startup mount;
SQL>alter database archivelog;
SQL>alter database open;
SQL>alter pluggable database oracle12cpdb open;
SQL> select log_mode from v$database;
4.2、rman target /
CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON; # default
CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO
'/opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull/oracle12c/control%F.bak';
CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK MAXPIECESIZE 1024 M;
4.3、cd $ORACLE_BASE && mkdir oracle12cdbbackupfull && cd oracle12cdbbackupfull/
vi dbfullbackup.rman
row:
run{
crosscheck backup of database;
delete noprompt backupset;
backup as backupset database
format
'/opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull/oracle12c/oracle12cdbbackupfull%U_%d_%T_%s_
%p.bak'include current controlfile
plus archivelog format '/opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull/oracle12c/oracle12carchivelog%U_%d_
%T_%s_%p.bak' delete all input;
report obsolete;
delete noprompt obsolete;
}
4.4、vi oracle12cdbfullbackup.sh
row:
!#/bin/bash
cd /opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull
rman target / @dbfullbackup.rman
chmod +x oracle12cdbfullbackup.sh
4.5、crontab -e
row:
0
3
*
*
*
/opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull/oracle12cdbfullbackup.sh
/opt/oracle/oracle12cdbbackupfull/rman.log 2>&1
>
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